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  • The 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research goes to Hernando de Soto

    The 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research goes to Hernando de Soto

    The Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is the most prominent international award in entrepreneurship research with a price sum of EUR 100,000. De Soto’s analyses have had tremendous influence on policy throughout the world and were a main source of inspiration for the World Bank’s Doing Business program. Read More
  • 2017 Award Winner

    2017 Award Winner

    Hernando de Soto Peru  Institute for Liberty and Democracy For developing a new understanding of the institutions that underpin the informal economy as well as the role of property rights and entrepreneurship in converting the informal economy into the formal sector.   Read More
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In the 14th edition of the World Bank's Doing Business report, ILDs Hernando de Soto was recognized for his influential work that led to the formulation of the annual report. The 2017 edition of the report includes a writeup in the forward section talking about De Soto's initial research in Peru, where he opened a small garent business. Here is an abstract:

'In the summer of 1983, a group of researchers working with Hernando de Soto got all the permits required to open a small garment business on the outskirts of Lima, Peru. Their goal was to measure how long this took. I read de Soto’s book, The Other Path, decades ago, but I was so astonished by the answer it reported that I remember it today: 289 days.

De Soto’s conjecture, which turned out to be right, was that measuring and reporting would create pressure for improvements in the efficiency of government. In the foreword to the revised edition of his book that he wrote in 2002, de Soto reports that because of changes to regulations and procedures, the same business could get all the required permits in a single day.

In a letter published in the Winter 2006 issue of the Journal of Economic Perspectives, Simeon Djankov describes how de Soto’s idea grew into this report. When Joseph Stiglitz was the World Bank Chief Economist, he selected the topic and picked the team for The World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Markets. Djankov, who was a member of this team, reached out to Andrei Shleifer, a professor at Harvard, who had done research on the effects that different legal systems had on market development. Shleifer and co-authors agreed to work on some background papers for the World Development Report that would examine new data on such processes as getting the permits to start a new business that could be compared across countries. In 2003, this data collection effort yielded the first Doing Business report, which presented five indicators for 133 countries.

The Doing Business report has had the same effect on policy in many economies that de Soto’s initial effort had in Peru. In 2005, it was possible to get the permits to start a business in less than 20 days in only 41 economies. In 2016, this is possible in 130 economies.This history should give us the optimism and impatience to keep launching new ideas and to keep striving for better results. The progress to date should give us optimism. The large amount that remains to be done should make us impatient.'


Read the full report from the World Bank here

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